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Title I

Title I, Part A is a federal program that serves the unique needs of children — kindergarten to grade 12 — who struggle to learn. Title I programs and services provide customized instruction and curricula that helps these students meet academic standards and take an active, engaged interest in what they learn and can do. As the oldest and largest federal education program, Title I programs build equity of opportunity for children whose struggles often keep them on the academic sidelines.

Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA)  

The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) replaced No Child Left Behind (NCLB) on December 10, 2015, as the re-authorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). 

Title 1, Part A consists of two models or programs, Schoolwide and Targeted Assistance

Schoolwide Program — TITLE I, Part A  We use the term schoolwide to describe a comprehensive model of support for students. All students benefit from the interventions and services made possible through a schoolwide program, however, schools place their instructional emphasis on those learners who struggle to learn prioritized acacemic standards that are needed for many aspects of their schooling and throughout life.  Schools under the School Wide Program:  Betz Elementary, Salnave Elementary, Snowdon Elementary, Sunset Elementary, Windsor Elementary, Three Springs High School.

Targeted Assistance Model – Title I, Part A targeted assistance program centers academic support and related interventions and services and on a specific group of students — at risk not to meet state standards.  Schools under the Targeted Assistance Model:  No Cheney schools are currently in a Targeted Assistance Model.

Standards-based, Accountable, Connected to Families  As the oldest and largest federal education program, Title I programs build equity of opportunity for children whose struggles often keep them on the academic sidelines. Effective schoolwide programs have the potential to support great teaching and build durable skills for learning. Eligible districts supplement the allocation they get through Washington state’s Basic Education Act (BEA) with Title I, Part A dollars. These funds never replace (supplant) BEA dollars.

Parent and Family Engagement (PFE) in Title I, Part A Programs

Parent and Family Engagement (PFE) in a child’s education is a greater predictor of academic success than whether or not that family is affluent or poor. That’s why Title I, Part A program regulations insist on robust parent and family engagement activities at every school where federal funds support effective teaching and engaged learning. 

What Is Parent and Family Engagement?
Currently Title I, Part A defines parent involvement as the ...participation of parents in regular, two-way and meaningful communications with school staff that involves the student, addresses learning and engages the family in school activities.

The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) refers to this as Parent and Family Engagement starting in 2017-18.

Why Does Parent and Family Engagement Matter?
Research tells us that students with engaged parents and families, are more likely to:

  • Learn to read faster (Exhibit faster rates of literacy acquisition.)
  • Have higher grades and test scores.
  • Are promoted and take more challenging classes.
  • Adapt better to school and have better attendance.
  • Have better social skills and behavior.
  • Graduate.
  • Go on to community/technical college or university.

The Cheney Public Schools Policy on Parent Involvement is located at the bottom this page.  

All board policies can be found on the Cheney School District website.

Complaints Related to Federal Programs
A citizen complaint is a written statement that alleges a violation of a federal rule, law or regulation or state regulation that applies to a federal program.

  • Anyone can file a citizen complaint.
  • There is no special form.
  • There is no need to know the law that governs a federal program to file a complaint. 

For additional information on citizen's complaints, please go to

For additional information regarding federal programs, please go to for a full detail of Title 1, Part A.