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Learning Assistance Program (LAP)

LAP offers supplemental services for K–12 students scoring below grade-level standard in English language arts (ELA) and mathematics. These services focus on accelerating student growth to make progress towards grade level. They may include academic readiness skill development or behavior supports. These services address barriers preventing students from accessing core instruction. The intent is for LAP students to increase academic growth during the period of time they are provided services. LAP emphasizes research-based best practices designed to increase student achievement.

Student Eligibility (RCW 28A.165.015)
A student is eligible for LAP services if he/she scores below grade-level standard in ELA or mathematics. Districts must use multiple measures of performance in determining student eligibility.

LAP Readiness to Learn (RTL) programs are designed to serve students significantly at risk of not being successful in school. These students do not need to have been identified as scoring below grade-level standard in math or ELA to participate in RTL programs. Each district determines the eligibility criteria for student participation in RTL programs.

K-4 Focus First (RCW 28A.165.005)
Strengthening Student Educational Outcomes (SSEO), ESSB 5946 (2013) and amended by SSB 5803 (2015) included several school and district mandates related to K-4 literacy.

Districts implementing LAP services must:

  1. Focus first on addressing the needs of K–4 students in reading or reading readiness skills;
  2. Use data when developing programs;
  3. Provide the most effective and efficient practices when implementing supplemental instruction; and
    Approximately 50 percent of LAP-enrolled students are in grades K-4 and receiving ELA or readiness services.

Readiness To Learn (WAC 392-162-041)
Up to five percent of a district’s total LAP allocation may be used for activities associated with Readiness to Learn (RTL).

RTL programs provide academic and non-academic supports for students at risk of not being successful in school. They may be offered in partnership with community-based organizations. The goal of RTL is to reduce barriers to learning, strengthen engagement, and ensure all students are able to attend school ready to learn.

The district’s school board must approve any community-based partnerships.

Washington State Laws and Regulations